The Thoreau Society, Inc., is an
informal gathering of students and
followers of Henry David Thoreau.
Henry Beetle Hough, Edgartown, Mass.,
President; Robert Needham, Concord,
Mass., Vice-President; and /Jalter
Harding, State University, Geneseo,
N. Y. 14454-, Secretary-Treasurer.
Annual membership, 32.00; life member-
ship, $50.00. Address communications
to the secretary.
BULLETIN ONE HUNDRED SEVEN
ANNUAL MEETING - CONCORD - JULY 12, 1969
The 1969 Annual Meeting of The Thoreau Society
will be held on Saturday, July 12, 1969, in the
First Parish Meetinghouse in Concord, Mass. A
coffee hour will begin at 9:30 A.M. The business
meeting will be called to order by President
Henry Beetle Hough at 10:20. The first address
will be a reading of a hitherto unpublished essay
by Thoreau on "Huckleberries," edited by the late
Professor Leo Stoller; followed by the President's
address on "Thoreau in Today's Sun."
A luncheon will be served at 12:30. Tickets are
$2.25. Reservations must be accompanied by a check
made out to The Thoreau Society and mailed to Mrs .
Loyd Rathoun, 125 Brister's Hill Road, Concord ,
Mass. 01742. Deadline for reservations is Tues -
day. July 8 .
At 2:00 Mrs. Edmund Fenn will lead a walk in the
area adjacent to Bateman's Pond. There will be
special exhibits in the Concord Free Public Library.
Late afternoon optional activities will include
strolls in balden Pond Reservation and Sleepy Hol-
low Cemetery, or a riding tour to Thoreau' s birth-
place site, the "Civil Disobedience" jail site,
the pencil factory site, and the place where he
died. There will be an exhibition at the Meeting-
house of the solicited "Cairn" photographs. On
exhibit at The Thoreau Lyceum will be Anton Kovar's
collection of different editions of balden , and
water colors by Joseph O'Brien interpreting
Thoreau 1 s philosophy.
At 6:00 a box supper will be served on the
back lawn of The Thoreau Lyceum, 156 Belknap
Street. Reservations accompanied by a check for
$1.50 made out to the Curator, Mrs. Thomas rt.
McGrath, 156 Belknap Street, Concord, Mass. 01742
At 8:00 stereoptican slides made from the famous
Gleason photographs of Concord and Thoreau' s Nature
will be projected in the Meetinghouse Hall and
Leonard Kleinfeld's slides based on photographs
taken by Dr. Edward Bigelow of the St. Nicholas
Magazine. Installation of the new President will
conclude the program.
A great many members who regularly attend the
annual meeting look forward to the flower arrange-
ments. They are done by Miss Mary Gail Fenn who
lives in Concord and who is as familiar with
Thoreau' s description of his walks as she is with
the actual places themselves. A kindergarten
teacher, each year she gently converts her little
charges into ardent nature lovers.
The flower arrangements she makes for the
Society are authentic reproductions in miniature of
Concord woods. Each year's arrangement is different;
a sandy banking with turtle eggs, a bit of swamp
with water plants, a fern bog with bird's nest, and
this year a study of lichens and fungi. Soon after
the annual meeting she begins planning for the
following year. As a result, the long and careful
preparation produces a bit of nature which looks
as though it had been transported just as it grew
in Thoreau' s beloved woods.
The Annual Photography Contest is to be devoted
to pictures of the cairn at Walden Pond taken over
the years. Special attention will be paid to
those which (l) are particularly early views of the
cairn; (2) those which are precisely dated pictures
of the cairn; and (3) those which show well known
people visiting the cairn. Photographs to be entered
into this contest should be sent to
Mr. Robert Needham
11 balden Terrace
Concord, Massachusetts 01742
to arrive there before July 1. It is to be hoped
Reprinted with the permission of Adcox Associates, Inc.
that members submitting such photographs will then
permit them to be deposited permanently in the Thor-
eau Society Archives at the Concord Free Public
Library. The photographs will be judged at the
The Nominating Committee (Mrs. Herbert Hosmer,
Mr. Robert *ild, and Mr. Roland Robbins, Chairman)
have submitted the following slate of officers for
election at the annual meeting:
President: Charles Anderson, Baltimore, Md.
Pres. -Elect: Albert /I. Bussewitz, Milton, Mass.
Vice Pres.: Rooert Needham, Concord, Mass.
Sec.-Treas.: Walter Harding, Geneseo, N. Y.
All the above for terms of one year; members of
the Executive Committee for three-year terms:
Brooks Atkinson, Durham, N. Y.
Leonard KLeinfeld, Forest Hills, N. Y.
Additional nominations may be made from the floor
at the annual meeting.
THOREAU'S JULY 16, 1860 LETTER TO CHARLES SUMNER:
AN ADDENDUM AND CORRECTION by Douglass Noverr
Harding and Bode note that Thoreau's July 16,
I860 letter to Charles Sumner was "previously
unpubli shed . " ( The Correspondence of Henry David
Thoreau. p. 586.)
While it is true that the entire text of the
letter had never been printed before then, the
second and third paragraphs did appear earlier in
an "Appendix" to Charles Sumner's The Barbarism of
Slavery — a speech given in the Senate on June A,
I860, and printed in full in the New York Herald
(June 5-6, I860), in the weekly edition of the
New York Tribune, ana published by the thousands
and mailed by Sumner and his friends to people and
friends in the North and West. (David Donald,
Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil .■far.
I960, pp. 358-363.) Thoreau obviously received
a personal copy of the pamphlet from Sumner, and
the letter Thoreau sent to Sumner was .^ust one of
hundreds that Sumner received containing praise for
what they felt was the truth and uncompromising
moral stand of the speech.
The second and third paragraphs of the July 16,
1860 letter appeared and are quoted (with punctua-
tional inaccuracies and one major substantive
omission) in Vol. VI of Charles Sumner His Complete
Works. Statesman Edition, 20 vols. (Boston: Lee and
Shepard, 1900), pp. 281-82. The "Appendix" of
which the Thoreau letter was a part included a
Correspondence section in which "brief extracts"
were given from letters sent to Sumner. There
are 112 separate extracts of letters from persons
or groups included; the list begins with John
Greenleaf Whittier and Frederick Douglass, with the
extract from a letter by "Frank B. Sanborn, teacher
and earnest man, afterwards an able journalist."
In a descriptive heading to the Thoreau extract,
Thoreau is referred to as "author and man of genius."
There are major differences in punctuation (from
the Harding -Bode text) and the paragraph beginning
"It is refreshing to hear some naked truth. ..."
is not indented. The omission of one word in
paragraph three changes the emphasis of Thoreau's
statement (punctuation and omitted word of Harding-
Bode text in brackets) :
Especially^ , ] I wish to thank you for your
speech on the Barbarism of Slavery[ , ] which[,]
I hope and suspect[,] commences a new era in
the history of our Congress,[;] when questions
of national importance have come to be con-
sidered [occasionally] from a broadly ethical,
and not from a narrowly political point of
The word "occasionally," along with the punctuation
of the qualified statement "I hope and suspect,"
significantly alters the reading and emphasis of
this sentence. Thoreau did not have as much faith
or optimism in Congress as the "Appendix" reading
I am not sure exactly when this "Appendix" was
added to the original speech. Sumner himself
edited his .forks in 15 volumes (Boston, 1870-83),
and it appears he might have added the "Appendix. "
Considering the large number of extracts included
and the inaccuracies in Thoreau's letter, one can
conclude, I think, that Sumner or whoever tran-
scribed the letters was probably careless or uncon-
cerned with letter-perfect accuracy. Despite the
miner significance of this extract of Thoreau's
July 16, I860, letter, the inaccuracies of this
text of it should be noted as well as the fact
that most of the letter appeared in print before
the Harding-Bode text of it.
THE OLD CARLISLE ROAD IS STILL THERE
by Mary R. Fenn
in the midst of our unhappiness in seeing houses
springing up where once we looked out over open
fields, it is heartwarming to know that Thoreau's
oeloved Estabrook Country and the Old Carlisle
Road are pretty much as they were in his day. What
is even more encouraging, they will remain so, since
they now belong to Harvard, thanks to the many
individuals, societies including our own, and the
Ford Foundation who thought it important enough to
pay for its preservation.
The Estabrook Country was never a settlement
with houses and farms with the exception of the
Estabrook place. .-ftien Concord was first settled,
its boundaries encompassed six square miles. This
was ample acreage for the dozen or so first families,
but soon others came, and as the farmers prospered,
they needed more land. The Estabrook Country was
then acquired and divided among twenty families,
with twenty acres each — the so-called twenty-score.
It was used largely as summer pastures and woodlots.
The stone walls which we see today were piled up.
When a limestone deposit was discovered the old
paths were widened to accommodate wagons, and stone
bridges built across the brooks; the great rocks
pulled by ox teams and prized into place with
crowbars. These are the same bridges we walk
across today. A lime kiln was built to burn the
stone used for plastering houses, and we can still
see its stone foundation as well as the earthen
ramp where wagons were backed up on a higher level
and the stone dumped into the kiln.
The land is varied, with brooks, swamps, eskers,
pools, ledges, and glacial boulders. Cne of these
is Indian Rock where Thoreau said the Indians on
their seasonal wanderings would have their encamp-
ments. Boulder Field, a pasture in his day, is now
grown to woods. But the great granite rocks tower-
ing above our heads are as imposing to us as they
were to him, and we agree with Thoreau that "it
would be something to own that pasture with the
great rocks in it."
Owl's Nest Swamp still has its beds of sphagnum
where Thoreau and Charming stepped, wild calla
lilies still grow in Calla Swamp, the beautiful
rhodora still blooms in spring and the benzoin swamp
is filled with yellow blossoms; in the autumn wild
apples still hang on old trees, and the ground in
places is covered with a miniature forest of lyco-
In the old days every brook had its sawmill, and
one of these mills cut the cedar logs for Concord's
pencil manufacturing, We can still see its stone
foundation with ferns and herb robert growing in
the crannies, bloodroot covering the banking above,
wild pinks along the path, and gnarled grapevines
climbing high into the trees.
The people in Thoreau's day went "a-nutting"
and "a-berrying." Now the large chestnut trees are
gone, and the shade of the woods has made the
wild barberries die out. Today nature lovers still
walk through the lovely Estabrook woods, so quiet
and peaceful, where no one lives but the deer, the
racoons, the great blue herons, the wild geese. And
we agree as we swing along the road ". . .that old
Carlisle one. .that leaves towns behind; where you
put off worldly thoughts. . . .Others are called
great roads, but this is greater than them all."
WALTON AND WALDEN
by Thomas Blanding
Thoreau's dialogue between the Hermit and Poet
which introduces the chapter "Brute Neighbors,"
in Walden . bears a distinct stylistic resemblance
to the dialogues of the Angler, Falconer, and
Hunter in Izaak Walton's The Compleat Angler .
Thoreau obviously was familiar with Walton's book,
for he alludes to the work several times in the
"Saturday" chapter of A Week : but in Walden,
Thoreau seems to have used The Compleat Angler as
a direct model for his dialogue. Thoreau's dia-
logue and Walton's book are both about fishing,
and Thoreau's diction so closely imitates Walton's
that it would be quite difficult to distinguish be-
tween the two dialogues were it not for the more
philosophical content of Thoreau's. I suspect that
Thoreau's Hermit and Poet would be as much at
home with their lines cast in one of Walton's
English streams as in Thoreau's Musketaquid.
J. Lyndon Shanley ( The Making of Walden . Chicago,
1957, p. 80) is probably correct when he suggests
that Thoreau intended the dialogue as comic inter-
lude to ease the transition from "Higher Laws" to
"Brute Neighbors," but the transitional nature of
the dialogue becomes more clearly defined if
Thoreau was indeed writing in the spirit of The
Compleat Angler . The dialogue between the Hermit
and the Poet unites the two chapters by incorporat-
ing the lofty contemplation of "Higher Laws" with
the sensuousness of "Brute Neighbors," reinforcing
Walton's observation that angling is a "contempla-
tive man's recreation."
AN INTRODUCTION TO HENRY THOREAU by Alan Seaburg
It took place on a sunny, pleasant summer day
late in the 1940' s when I was in my middle teens.
My introduction to that man, Henry Thoreau. My
brother, one decade older and wiser than me, sug-
gested that I accompany him on a visit to Concord
the next day. As we had no car, we journeyed by
train leaving North Station in Boston in the early
forenoon. My brother conducted the conversation
on the short ride to Concord, and one of the persons
he mentioned was Henry David Thoreau. The man
meant nothing to me. My brother talked about his
books, his fame for his relationship with nature,
and the experiment by balden Pond. That was what
most stimulated my curiosity.
We walked from the station to the center of
town, pausing only to inspect the Public Liorary.
After an early lunch in the lovely atmosphere of
the Wright Tavern, how disappointed I have been on
other visits to discover that meals are no longer
served there, we ignored the "rude bridge that
arched the flood" and all that that stands for to
visit the homes where the Alcotts and the Hawthornes
dwelt. Then we stumbled upon the museum maintained
by the Antiquarian Society. All this time Thoreau
lay snug in my mind. The Antiquarian house with
its various period rooms was lovely, but nothing
prepared me for the surprise that it contained.
Suddenly before me was the reconstructed setting
of Henry Thoreau's Walden hut. Compared with the
rest of the rooms in the museum, its plainness
amazed this boy and instantly made me aware of the
simple life Thoreau led. I recall only a bed, a
chair, some sort of writing table, candles, and a
few books. Although we did not have time to visit
Thoreau's pond, I was familiar with the woods and
lakes of Maine and could easily picture the rustic
location of the hut. The romance in Thoreau's life
immediately impressed itself upon me and since then
I have always wanted to live as he did. Pity the
young man who has not. The only mementoes I retain
from this visit are two postcards. One is a portrait
of Thoreau, the other a sketch of him sitting at
his writing table in the hut at work. These now
hang in my study in Vermont.
That was the simple beginning of my interest in
Thoreau and his philosophy of life. Now I have
read most of what he has written and have even
published a few articles about him. Yet my later
knowledge and acquaintance with Thoreau is pale
beside the introduction which remains one of my
fondest memories. There is one further aspect to
this account. It concerns my brother. One of the
events of Thoreau's life that most deeply affects
me was his relationship with his brother. I have
always understood and appreciated it for I, too,
have a brother with whom I am close. Therefore,
I have always been able to realize the loss that
Henry felt when John died in 1842. This, then, is
the legacy of my first visit to Concord: an intro-
duction to a man appropriately made by a brother
with whom I have grown as close as that man did to
ADDITIONS TO THE THOREAU BIBLIOGRAPHY
Anderson, Charles. THE FAGIC CIRCLE OF WALDEN.
Review. NEW ENGLAND QUARTERLY, Dec. 1968.
Arnstein, Felix. "Henry Thoreau, American." SNOWY
EGRET, XXVI (Autumn, 1962), 12-19.
Basile, Joseph. "Thoreau's Inevitable, Infernal
Railroad" in THE ATLANTIC 1967/1968 CONTESTS FOR
COLLEGE STUDENTS. Boston: Atlantic Monthly, 1968
Eedau, Hugo A dan. CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE: THEORY AND
PRACTICE. New York: Pegasus, 1969. 282pp. 57.50
An anthology of essays (including Thoreau's) on
the topic, pro and con. By far the best such vol-
ume yet and the analysis of Thoreau's essay by
Bedau hinself is perhaps the most thoughtful I've
Bonner, Willard H. "Thoreau's Other Telegraph Fig-
ure," AMER. NOTES & QUERIES, VII (March, 1969),
Burke, William Jeremiah.
"Yes, There's Still a Con-
cord." MODERN MATURITY, Feb. 1969, pp. 7-9. ■■- re-
cent visit to Concord, including the Thoreau sites.
Cameron, Kenneth Halter. "Damning National Publicity
for Thoreau in 1849," AMER. TRANSCENDS] RT.
[Drawer 1G8C, Hartford, Coir..], 11(1969), 18-27.
Hitherto unnoticed editorials on Thoreau.
. "Thoreau and His Harvard Classmates," AMER.
.., Ill (1969), 1-32. Reprint of the
. "Thoreau 1 s Walden and Alcott's Vegetarian-
isn," AMER.TRANS. UAR., II (1969), 27-28.
Canby, Henry Sei&el. "A 3ook Gandhiji Kept at His
Bedside. " ?; - '- [Bombay], Nov. 12,
Derleth, August. WALDEN POND: HOI AGE TO THOREAU.
With wood engravings by Frank Utpatel. Iovfa City:
Prairie Press, 1968. 44pp. r '3.5C. Excerpts
from. Derleth' s journals about three visits to Wal-
den. As usuual , Derleth has stimulating things to
say and the volume is a gen of printing.
Douthat, Lou. "She Helped Open Cincinnati Medical
Colleges to './omen." CINCINNATI POST & TIMES-SEAR.
April 12, 1969. Account of the discovery of an un-
published autobiographical US by a ]!rs. Celia Fre-
ase which includes a lengthy description of Tho-
reau, but with no indication of where she became
acquainted with him.
Ekirch, Arthur A., Jr. "Transcendental Harmony: Tho-
reau" in MAN AND NATURE IN AMERICA. Hew York: Co-
lumbia, 1963. pp. 5S-69.
Fabre, Michel. "La Desobeissance Civile," EIP.OPE
[Paris], XLVII (Jan. 1969), 214-217.
Fisher, Aileen & Olive Rabe, WE ALCOTTS. Hew York:
leneum, 1968, 278pp. "The story of Louisa M, Al-
cott's family as seen through the eyes of 'Max-nee,'
mother of Little Honen." The book is ained at a
young adult audience and tends to be a bit sugary.
Thoreau, quite naturally, appears on a number of
pages and is very well presented.
Glick, Wendell, ed. THE RECOGNITION OF HENRY DAVID
THOREAU. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Mich., 1969. 3£lpp.
'8.50. A selection of 45 critical essays on Tho-
reau fron I8A8-I966, ranging fron well-known ones
such as Emerson's funeral discourse to ones that
only the specialist will have been acquainted with.
The selection is judicious and representative of
both favorable and unfavorable points of view.
Brief running comments by Glick are illuminating.
A handy survey of Thoreau criticism over the
Hanley, Katherine, "WALDEN — Forest Sonata," AMER.
Ft., I (1969), 108-110.
Honan , John Jr. "Thoreau, the Emblem, and The
Heek," A1ER. . , I (1969), 104-108.
HOME JOURNAL FCP. THE CULTIVATION OF THE MEMORABLE,
THE PROGRESSIVE, AND THE BEAUTIFUL. "A Hew Eng-
land Town," reprinted in AMSR.T1 . .,11
(1969), 41. Account of an IS56 visit to Concord
with coi 1 on Thoreau.
Ives, Charles. THE C NCORD SONATA. Played by John
Kirkpatrick. Hew York: Columbia Records, 1969.
! .'3-7192. By far the best recording yet of the
"Concord Sonata" (including of course the Thoreau
novenent). It lias a brilliance and vibrancy lack-
ing in all the others. The jacket has a particular-
ly interesting history of the composition of the
sonata and explains why and how this version dif-
fers from, the earlier ones.
Kent, Fhyllida Kent. A STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE OF
TKORSAU'S A WEEK CI! THE CONCORD AID MERRIMACK
RIVERS. Carleton Univ., 1967. 143pp. M.A.
thesis. Available thru University Microfilms
for 03. (M-1355).
Kleinfeld, Leonard F. "Stones for the Cairn."
HEAR YE [Acton, Mass.], Feb. 1969. A play orig-
inally performed at a T.S. annual neeting.
. "Thoreau Chronology," AMER.TRANS.QUAR., I
(1969), 113-117. Reprint of 1950 pamphlet.
Klonp, Henry De'.Jitt. THE GAME. Hew York: Pageant,
1967. 398pp. A satirical novel on college Eng-
lish departments. One of characters has much to
say on Thoreau since he is writing a book en him.
Krutch, Josenh VJood. "GBS Enters Heaven (?)" in
SATURDAY REVIEW READER HO. 2. New York: Bantam,
1953. pp. 205-211. Shaw and Thoreau converse.
MacLachlan, C.H. "The Spiritual Life of Henry D.
Thoreau," VEDAHTA AND THE WEST, CXCI (May, 1968),
46-59 and CXCII (July, 1968), 13-32. Reprinted
from FRABUDBHA BHARATA for June 1965.
. "Vivokananda and Thoreau," VEDAHTA AND THE
WEST, CLXXXIII (Nov. 1967), 18-36. Reprinted
from PRABUDDHA BHARATA for May, 1967.
Magorian, James. "Transcendentalist" in ALMOST
NOON. Chicago: Ibis, 1969. Poen on Thoreau, p.
llonteiro, George. "Birches in Winter: Notes on Tho-
reau and Frost," CLA JOURNAL, XII (Dec. 1968),
Parke, Fran. "Today's Protestors Carry on Old Bat-
tle of Conscience vs. Law." LANCASTER [Pa.] NEW
ERA. March 6, 1969. Many comments on Thoreau.
Pulos, C.E. " Walden and Emerson's 'The Sphinx,"
AMER.TRANS.QUAR., I (1969), 7-11.
Pyareial. "Thoreau, Tolstoy and Gandhiji," STATES-
MAN [Hew Delhi]. Jan. 30-31, 1957.
Rao, E. Nageswara. "Thoreau and Gandhi: A Compar-
ison." ARYAN PATH, XXXVII (Aug. 1966), 361-364.
Reaver, J. Russell. "Thoreau' s Way with Proverbs"
AMER.TRANS.QUAR., I (1969), 2-7.
Rice, Edwin B. "Wants Another Thoreau to Make the
Scene." BUFFALO EVENING NEWS. Feb. 13, 1969.
Letter to editor.
Riegl, Kurt. "Zun Thoreau-Echo im Spatwerk O'Neills"
GEPJIANISCH-ROMANISCHE MONATSSCHRIFT, XVIII (Apr.)
1968), 191-9. Allusions to Thoreau in O'Neill's
Ross, Donald Jr. "Hawthorne and Thoreau on 'Cottage
Architecture'," AMER.TRANS.QUAR. I (1969),100
Salt, Henry S. LIFE CF HENRY DAVID THOREAU. New-
York: Haskell House, 1968. 208pp. $5.50. A
facsimile reprint of the 1896 short version of
Salt's great life of Thoreau. In many respects
this is still the best of all biographies of
Sherwood, Mary P. "Thoreau 1 s Penobscot Indians,"
THOREAU JOUR. QUART., I (Jan. 15, 1969), 1-13.
. "Thoreau Island," THOREAU J0UR.QUAR. I,
(Jan. 15, 1969), 20-22. On the recent renaming
of an island in the Penobscot for Thoreau.
Thoreau, Henry David. A YANKEE IN CANADA, WITH
ANTI-SLAVERY AND REFORM PAPERS. New York: Has-
kell House, 1968. 09.95. Facsimile reprint of
. ESSAY ON CIVIL DI0S0BEDIENCE. New York:
Pyramid Books, 1968. 62pp. "A Little Paperback
. EXCURSIONS. Review. INDEPENDENT, Dec. 3,
1863. Reprinted in AMER.TRANS.QUAR., II (1969),
Thoreau, [H.D.] TWO FRAGMENTS FROM THE JOURNALS.
Edited, with a preface, by Alexander C. Kern. Wood-
engraving by John Roy. Iowa City: Windhover Press,
1968. Boxed, unpaged. Edition limited to 220 cop-
ies. y3.80. T w0 unpublished fragments from Tho-
reau's journal which shed light on his compositor-
ial techniques. And a real typographical gem.
Thoreau, Henry David. THE VARIORUM WALDEK AND THE
VARIORUM CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE. Edited by Walter Hard-
ing. New York: Washington Square Press, 196S. 371
pp. Combined paperback edition.
. THE WISDOM OF THOREAU. New York: Pyramid
Books, i960. 64pp. Selected quotations from his
writings. A "Little Paperback Classic." 35$.
Treat, Robert & Betty. "Thoreau and Institutional
Christianity." A1ER. TRANS. QUAR., I (1969) ,AA-A7.
VanNostrand, A.D. "Thoreau Beside Himself." in
EVERYMAN HIS OWN POET. New York: McGraw-Hill,
196S. pp. 92-112. An enlightening discussion of
Thoreau 1 s use of metaphor in WALDEN and particular-
ly on his ability to, as Emerson says, draw "uni-
versal lav; from single fact."
Vernet, Laurence. "Actualite de Thoreau," FRANCE
AMERIQUE MAGAZINE [Paris], 1968. pp. 9A-93.
. "Marcel Proust: Admirateur Imprevu de Tho-
reau." EUROPE TParis], XLVII (Janvier, 1969), 217-
Wiener, Harvey S. "To a Fairer World: Thoreau 1 s Last
Hours," JOUR. OF HISTORICAL STUDIES, I (Autumn,
Wild, Paul H. "Flower Power: a Student's Guide to
Pre-Hippie Transcendentalism," ENGLISH JOUR.,
LVIII (Jan. 1969), 62-68. On teaching WALDEN to
high school students as a hippie document.
Williams, Eric. D. "Thoreau: Prophet of World Faith"
THOREAU JOUR. QUART., I (Jan. 15, 1969), 14-16.
Williams, Jonathan. "The Distances to a Friend," in
AN EAR IN BARTRAM»S TREE: SELECTED POEMS. Chapel
Hill: U.N.C., 1968, p. 30. Poem on Thoreau.
Winn, O.Hward. "A Sentence for Thoreau." MIDWEST
QUARTERLY, DC (Summer, 1968), 380. A poem.
Young, T.D. & Ronald Fine, eds. "Henry David Tho-
reau" in AMERICAN LITERATURE: A CRITICAL SURVEY.
New York: American Book Co., 1968, pp. 163-212.
Reprints Randall Stewart, "The Growth of Thoreau' s
Reputation"; Reginald Cook, "Thoreau in Perspec-
tive"; Lauriat Lane, "On the Organic Structure of
WALDEN"; Sherman Paul, "Resolution at Walden"; &
George Hendrick, "The Influence of Thoreau' s 'Civ-
il Disobedience' on Gandhi's SATIAGRAHA."
We are indebted to the following for information
used in this bulletin: A. Butler ,T. Bailey, D.Bernstein,
A. Brooks,W.Cummings,R. Chapman, M.Campbell, J. Donovan,R.
Heebner ,E .Hunsaker ,C .Hoagland ,D . Kamen-Kaye , S . Kent ,
I. Oelgart,R. Patrick ,R. Poland ,R.Robbins,R.P.eady,L.
S.Thomas,G. Taylor ,C. Tweedy, J.Vickers,M.Wahl ,A.Weit-
kamp, H.Wiggins, and A. Williger. Please keep the
secretary informed of new Thoreau items as they ap-
pear and old ones he has missed,,
MORE DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS ON THOREAU
With the permission of University Microfilms of
Ann Arbor, Michigan, we continue printing herewith
reproductions of abstracts of dissertations on
Thoreau. The full dissertations are available from
University Microfilms at the prices given at the
ends of the articles.
THOREAU, THE JOURNALIST.
(Order No. 67-17,603)
William Louis Howarth, Ph.D.
University of Virginia, 19G7
Adviser: Professor Floyd Stovall
This dissertation, a critical reading of Henry Thoreau's
Journal , attempts to prove three propositions (1) "factual"
writing is worthy of analysis; (2i Thoreau's Journal has struc-
ture; and (3) critics misinterpret Thoreau's post-Walden
Book One presents the background of Thoreau's Journal.
Chapter I defines the journal's status as a literary genre.
Journals are communal documents, their authors share ideas
of purpose, audience, and narrative rule. While ,c sense of
religious vocation shaped early journals, the secular idea of
profession controlled later ones. Most literary men wrote
journals for professional uses, a few, like Thoreau, kepi them
for intrinsic, or vocational, reasons. Chapter II. a history of
Thoreau's Journal between 1802 and 1906. gives background on
early editions and criticizes editorial policies that shaped the
Book Two discusses the "early Journal," 1H37- 1847. Chap-
ter I describes the literary exercises and experiments of
Thoreau's "workshop"; it also depicts his turn to fuller nar-
ration after 1841. Chapter II presents the ambivalence of his
early ideas on journalizing, and charts the growttvof his dis-
satisfaction with writing for publication.
Book Three surveys the -middle Journal," 1H50- 1855.
Chapter I describes Thoreau's shift from one major topic,
self- analysis, to another, the study "I nature. Chapter II de-
picts his resolution of early aesthetic problems, and his
gradual acceptance of the Journal .is a satisfying means of
Book Four covers the "late Journal," 1856-1861. Chapter I
portrays Thoreau's shift from the indiscriminate recording of
natural data to more interpretive studies of seasonal events.
Chapter II presents his final synthesis of aesthetics, science,
and philosophy. In his final years he sensed that the Journal
was an end in itself, not a field to be reaped; he expressed
this faith by leaving the book just as it was. Its order was
perfectly organic; In it he had gradually learned how to unite
the acts of living and writing.
Microfilm $3.30; Xerography $11.50. 253 pages.
CIRCLE IMAGERY IN THE PROM nl I MIRSON AND
THOREAU FROM NATURK (1H36I TO vVM.MKN (1H54).
(Order No. 67-13,837)
Richard Carl Tuerk, Ph.D.
The Johns Hopkins University, liitiT
In this study I examine Images nl , u en
prose works of Emerson and Thoreau h
former's first book, to Walde n (1H54I, I he
piece. I place particular emphasis mi Mini
Essays : First Series and on Thoreau's Vv
I n \ iii I he major
Nature (1836), the
-,1 ui's Nature and
■k mi I lie Concord
and Merrimack Rivers and Waldr
ii h Emerson s
s well as
Essays : Second Series and Repp
Thoreau's "Service," ''Natural TTisiorv ul Ma.'
"Walk to Wachusett," and "Winter Walk." I d
the extent to which Thoreau derived his use nl the circle from
Emerson. Rather, I emphasize the individual development of
the literary technique which each man displays in his finished
Emerson usually employs the circle as an adjunct to his
philosophy; it helps make his abstract philosophical statements
more concrete. For example, he re|X'atedly uses it to support
his belief that unity lies at the renter of the multiplicity that
man sees around him. Sometimes, he uses it In an attempt to
give his works the type of unity thai lie sees In nature. Thus,
the circle unifies the universe that he describes in "Circles"
( Essays : First Series) as well as the essay itself.
On the other hand, Thoreau's use ol the circle Is usually an
end in itself. In his works he cliar.u tenstically transmutes the
specific circular shapes and nuitimis that he sees In the world
around him into artistic creations. M\ means ul these figures
he reshapes the stuff of his own lite into an. They become
magic circles that unify his works and his own life as he ex-
presses it in them. Also, they produce in Ins wining har-
monious relationships between earth and heaven, inattei and
spirit, man and God.
In his best works Emerson reproduces in miniature the
circular order that he perceives in the univi-rsc. Ai the same
time, he says that if man could see |>n>|K rly, hi- would need no
works of art. Rather, he wuuld sec direrth Ihc laws and order
of the universe. Thoreau. however, docs nut share this belief,
he is by no means a "specific Emerson." On the contrary, in
his writing his images of circularity help i reatc a self-
contained universe in which he embodies higher, poetical
truths which he believes ran unh lie revealed in works of art.
Microfilm S3. 30: Xerography $11.50. 255 pages.
THE DEPTH OF WALDEN:
THOREAU'S SYMBOLISM OF
THE DIVINE IN NATURE.
(Order No. 67-12,196)
William Donovan Drake, Ph.D.
University of Arizona, 1967
Director: Paul Rosenblatt
Henry David Thoreau accepted from his Transcendentalist
contemporaries the idea that nature is the symbolism of a
divine spirit, an idea ultimately derivative from the Platonism
long integrated with Christian philosophy. Chapter I traces the
idea of correspondences between natural facts and divine
archetypes through the writings of the late Puritans, the
Mathers and Edwards, who strove to adapt the new science
and its concomitant philosophy (Locke's) to Puritan theology.
The result was a concept of nature-symbolism, in which sen-
sory experience of natural things was the medium of awareness
of divinity. A position remarkably like that of Emerson or
Thoreau was arrived at in the previous century. The nature
religion of the Transcendentalists is believed to have its roots
in native attitudes of man's awareness of God in nature. The
work of Emerson and Thoreau is viewed as a redefinition of
the Puritan religious drive in terms acceptable in the more
scientific and non-theological spirit of the nineteenth century.
In Thoreau, this was an effort to combine the search for
spiritual self-fulfillment with that of empirical observation
of nature. As such, it embraced serums contradictions.
Chapters II, III, and IV trace Thoreau's philosophy through
his early Journal and A Week on the Concord and Merrimack
Rivers to Walden . An analysis of the Journal reveals that
Thoreau faced the problem of harmonizing Ihc inner sense of
the infinite soul at peace with itself, with the "actual" world
of process, conflict, and social institutions. A documented
study is presented of Thoreau's attempt to annihilate time and
space and transmute sense experience to the subjective dimen-
sion, while seeking a realization of the divine in the facts of
nature. He believed that nature was the innocent and un-
troubled embodiment of the divine spirit, and identified him-
self with natural creatures rather than with the "diseased"
and conflict -ridden institutions of men. This neatly suited his
emotional makeup, for he discovered he could rope with dis-
turbing human relationships by rising to a detached overview
and reaffirming his innocence through identification with
nature. He conceived his role to be that of an essentially
passive hero-poet-priest, a medium through which the word-
less insight of divinity could be transformed into words for
men to read.
In A Week, he strove to combine the ideal and eternal in-
sights in a narrative of actual experience. Somewhat unsuc-
cessfully, it aims to portray the heroic role of the mythic
poet-priest. Struggling to hold the two worlds of the "actual"
and the "ideal" in balance, he concludes with the hope that the
divine may someday be experienced directly through the senses
as physical things are, rather than by elusive wordless inti-
Walden reports his attempt to live a life of spiritual ful-
fillment in actual lact. The book was begun as a series of
essays continuing the themes of A Week . Walden Pond was a
symbol of the ideal part of the self, pure, isolated from con-
tamination, and perpetually restorative of the innocence he
deeply craved. The manuscript was virtually completed in
1849, but was extensively revised before 1854 by the addition
of the cyclical pattern of the seasons. In the interim, his
idealism had suffered a nearly fatal crisis, and the revised
Walden depicts the freezing of the pond and the reduction of
his earlier certainty to a mere hope of eventual attainment.
The sources of the crisis are found in the conflicts inherent
in his philosophy, and particularly in the personal weaknesses
he had rationalized in his idea of divinity. The innocent, un-
conscious, and childlike existence of nature failed as a life for
man. Microfilm S3. 00; Xerography $10.35. 228 pages.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF BALDEN : A GENETIC TEXT
Ronald Earl f'lappn pi, |>
University nl Calif.,, ;,,., |
Chairman: Profess, .> 1 .,-,,„ it , .« ,, ,i
The familial- image ,,| ||, ,., , Thure.iu h:is been that of an
eccentric lover of woodrhucks anil skunk- cabbage who. in brag-
ging his way through Walden. w.is ri lalivrly unaware of the
more tragic aspects of human rxpc rii-m ■ tli.il wrinkled the
brows of Hawthorne and Melville Hut behind the mask of the
self-reliant narrator of Walden liri allied .i man of flesh and
blood who was deeply involvi d in I In- dollbls .ind tensions of
The Genetic Text provides ., , umpli-tr- transcript of the
additions, cancellations, and revisions . oulained In the seven
manuscript versions of Walden iml hares the development of
Thoreau's masterpiece from Ihc turn hi lefl the pond in 1847
until just before he prepared the c npy (,,i ihc printer in 1854
During those years Thoreau matured far beyond the confines
of Emerson's Transcendental optimism and achieved a rich
intellectual and poetic subtlety and complexity not far from that
of Hawthorne and Melville: what had tH-guil .is a fairly straight-
forward account of his life in tin- woods rmm July 4, 1845, to
September 6, 1847, became by the lime ol its publication a
remarkably suggestive book thai reflec led the intellectual
problems of its age.
Many of the book's inronsisi. m ii s ran l>c traced to a dif-
ference in their periods ol composition. The desire to make
his life one of innocence ami simplicity, in tune with Nature
herself, which Thoreau expressed in much ol V. here I Lived,
and What I Lived for' w.is , irrn .1 over rrum ihc original ver-
sion, whereas the bulk ol Hit "Higher kiws" chapter, which
expresses the contrasMn di Bin- !•• "nvi-rciime" Nature, or the
animal in man that is "rep -ual, and perhaps cannot
be wholly expelled," was nut «i bit n until the fifth version.
Quite in contrast to the writer in Hie earlier versions who
talked so much about himself, the i ouscious artist In the later
versions tended to lose himsell in his material and allow his
descriptions, especially llmse nl Ihi pond and the changing
seasons, to take on a Buggesliveness that was lacking in much
of the earlier material.
Written in an age that w.is caught between two worlds—a
dying Romanticism and a Naturalism waiting In be fathered by
Darwin and Spencer--Walden hears I he scars of its author's
attempt to reconcile his genuine love I Nature with his growing
awareness of her indificreiiri In man. Rut it also bears the
fruits of Its author's own intellectual and poetic maturity and
his deepening sense of what it means In he involved in mankind
Microfilm si 1. to Xerography S40 25. 894 pages.
A NOTE ON JAPP'S LIFE OF THOREAU
by Arthur G.
First editions have no attraction for me per se.
but occasionally I acquire one accidentally through
purchase, forgetting to return a borrowed copy, and
sometimes even by less genteel methods. Among these
I have one (whether obtained by fair means or other-
wise I know not), I prize above all the others, for
the reason that will appear later. It is an "Authors
Edition: From Advance Proof Sheets," of Thoreau :
His Life and Aims , by H. A. Page, (pseudonym of
A. H. Japp) , published in Boston by James R. Osgood
ci Company, 1877. However, it is not its pedigree
that endears it to me, but a short passage it
For many years I have been intrigued by the fact
that Thoreau embraced the doctrine and preached the
love of all life when such sentimentality was viewed
indifferently. One particular paragraph in balden
always attracted me: "I have looked after the wild
stock of the town, which give a faithful herdsman a
good deal of trouble by leaping fences; . . .1 have
watered the red huckleberry, the sand cherry and the
nettle-tree, the red pine and the black ash, the
white grape and the yellow violet, which might
have withered else in dry seasons." Similar affirm-
ations of his creed are not rare throughout the
Journal , and of the eighteen chapters in balden .
three are devoted to it — Higher Laws, Brute Neigh-
bors, and Winter Animals.
All of the preceding is, of course, common
knowledge, but getting back to the reason I value
Page's book so highly. On page 225 is a sentence
that reads: "Thoreau was saved from the 'modern
curse of culture' by his innocent delights, and
his reverence for all forms of life so stimulated."
(Italics mine.) Thus it is apparent that while
Thoreau practiced the philosophy of Reverence for
Life, Page coined the phrase to describe both the
principle and its precept to be popularized by the
humanist Albert Schweitzer over half a century
later. And though Thoreau did not notably minister
to the ills of the flesh he was, as Emerson expressed
it in his Biographical Sketch of Thoreau, ". . .a
physician to the wounds of any soul."
THOREAU AND MARCUS AURELIUS: A POSSIBLE BORROWING
by Raymond P. Tripp, Jr.
Early in his first chapter "Economy" Thoreau,
explaining the real nature of his balden experience
as opposed to its "actual history," writes that he
. . .anxious to improve the nick of time and
notch it on my stick too; to stand on the
meeting of two eternities, the past and
future, which is precisely the present moment;
to toe that line.(l)
The wordplay in this passage is doubtless Thoreau' s,
but the phrase: on the meeting of two eternities , as
well as the mingling of space and time, may have a
classical source. Although Ethel Seybold does not
include Marcus Aurelius in her "Index of Classical
Quotations and Allusions, "(2) it seems extraordinary
that Thoreau, as well read in the classics as he
was, would have missed the famous stoic or failed
to have been influenced by him. Indeed, reading
in the Meditations , one is impressed by the number
of balden "echoes," passages and statements about
time, the necessity of living in the present, and
of a pure and independent life. (3)
In this particular instance, discussing the
relative insignificance of the earth, Aurelius em-
ploys the phrase: <TTi.-y/i7) tov a,iujros ,(4) the
point or boundary between two eternities. Aurelius
is, of course, making his own use of a late clas- ,
sical commonplace (5) that the world is a mere <5"rt^-/<7
or pun c turn in a vast universe. Certainly, Thoreau' s
enthusiasm is a thing quite apart from the stoic
emperor's world-weariness. But his phrase and its
context suggest something more than coincidence.
If Thoreau' s "meeting of two eternities" does
echo Aurelius, then we have another instance of
his creative adaptation of his sources. (6)
University of Denver
(1) Writings . II, 15.
(2) Ethel Seybold, Thoreau. The Uuest and the
Classics (New Haven, 1951), Appendix C,
124 -HI •
(3) M. Ant., 2: U, 17; 3: 10; 4: 3, 17ff, 50;
5: 15, 19, — to point out but a few of the
passages reminiscent of balden thoughts and
U) M. Ant., 6: 36.
(5) Cf. E. R. Dodds, Pagans and Christians In An
Age of Anxiety (Cambridge, 1965), 7-8; and S.
Sambursky, The Physical World of Late Antiquity
(New York, 1962) .
(6) Cf. L. V. Cady, "Thoreau" s Quotations From
Confucian Books in balden," AL, XXXIII, 20-
32, where Cady illustrates Thoreau' s adapta-
tion of primarily ethical matter to his own
CYNTHIA DAVENPORT ON THOREAU' S ANCESTRY
Mrs. Marcia Moss, Reference Liorarian at the
Concord Free Public Library, has called to our
attention the following letter written to F. B.
Sanborn by Cynthia M. Davenport on April 23 of
some unknown year, the manuscript of which is
among the Sanborn papers in the Concord Free Public
Library. The letter is reproduced with the kind
permission of the trustees of the Concord Free
Public Library. Mrs. Moss and I have inserted
some identifications here and there within brackets.
The letter raises some interesting questions about
Thoreau family possessions. Can anyone identify
for us the author of the letter, Cynthia M. Daven-
port? Oddly enough, descendents of Ellen Sewall
by the name of Davenport at one point lived in
Colorado Springs, Colorado, but we have as yet been
unable to find any connection between those Daven-
ports and this one.
My dear Mr. Sanborn
When I think of you I have quite a guilty feel-
ing in regard to a promise of a photograph of a
tankard which belonged to the Grandfather of Mrs.
Thoreau, Col. ELisha Jones of Weston, Mass. I
have not forgotten it but the Tankard is held oy a
relative who is rather slow in her movements. I
still hope to send it. To her husband the tankard
came and to my father a silver sugar sifter. Col.
Jones was Col. of the 3rd Middlesex Reg't which po-
sition he lost when he was "True to the King." His
sons all had provincial positions in Nova Scotia &
Canada. One son, Israel Jones, Esq. (a real English
title), was for forty years a Trustee of Wms [Wil-
liams] College and Executor of his cousin, Ephraim
Wms [Williams, the founder of Williams College]
will. He surveyed the line (the first I think)
between this country and Canada. Another son died
in Virginia, was on the staff of Gen. Diracoe[?].
Ephraim was the first Canadian Council on Parli[a]-
ment. The present Lt. Gov. of Nova Scotia is the
descendent of his son Stephen who was an officer in the
English army. The long and strong protest against
the Revolution made by Col. Elisha Jones, his son-
in-law Rev. Asa Dunbar and others of Weston is all
told by [Samuel Adams] Drake [in his History of
Middlesex County. Mass .. Boston, 1880, II, 499-500].
Mrs. Minot was in Williamstown and Mrs. Thoreau
also at her brother Israel's house when he died at
an advanced age just after a horseback ride to and
from North Adams.
When I was in Concord last summer I saw a silhou-
ette of Mrs. Minot in the Historical rooms, [it is
still in the Concord Antiquarian Society.] I have
wished very much I could have some photos made of
it. Do you think it would be permitted and is
there someone — amateur or professional — I could ask
in Concord to do it? I would be very glad to hear
from you on this point and if there is anything I
could do for you in return it will afford me great
pleasure to do it. It may be a cousin who is now
east will see you, Mrs. 0. S. Newell of Chicago.
Mrs. Marble says Prof. E. Harlowe Russell is the
present executor of the Thoreau letters. Do you
think he has any different material or any more
than you have had? There were old Bibles and it
would be strange if there were no silver in the
Thoreau house as Krs. Elisha Jones died in Keene,
New Hampshire, at the house of her only daughter
Krs. Dunbar. Mrs. Dunbar had 13 brothers. Je
are still trying to find a silhouette or picture
of some kind of Col. Elisha Jones. The house his
son, Elisha, occupied is The Country Club now in
It will give me a great deal of pleasure to hear
from you at your convenience.
Cynthia M. Davenport
Colorado Springs, Colo.
NOTES AND 3IERE3S ....
The reprint of the first 100 THOHEAU SOCIETY BUL-
LETINS vri.ll be published by the Johnson Reprint Corp.
(Ill 5th Ave, New York, H.Y. 10003) and the price
will be 025. Inquiries as to the exact publication
date and orders should be sent directly to them..
THOREAU SOCIETY BULLETINS 1-101 are also available
on microfilm. The cost is ->3.50 for the entire series,
These should be ordered from University Microfilms,
Ann Arbor, Mich. A8106.
The following back issues of the bulletin are avail-
able from the secretary for 25£ each: 12-13, 15, 21-
54, 56, 59-63, 65,66, 69, 70, 72-79, 81-23, 85-96, 98,
99, 101, 103-106. Bulletins 1-9 have been reprinted
as a unit for 50£. Booklets 5, 8, 10, 1A, and 22 are
available at 50£ each; Booklets 6, 7, and 16 at one
dollar each. All other publications are out-of-
Mr, Isaac J. Oelgart (21 Burr Ave., Kenpstead, H.Y.
11550) is establishing a "Thoreau book exchange" to
"buy, sell, and exchange Thoreau itens."
We are grieved to announce the death of Ira Hoover
of Wilmington, Delavare on February A, 1969, at the
age of 8A. Ira was one of the oldest and most faith-
ful members of the Thoreau Society, making the jour-
ney to Concord for the annual meeting year after year
after year. For many years he was a member of the
society's executive committee.
Prof. George Hendrick (Graduate College, Univ. of
111. , Urbana 61S01) and Mr. John F. Pont in (Fern
Lodge, Buxton Spa, Derbyshire, England) are collab-
orating: on a critical study of Henry Salt, Thoreau' s
English biographer, and would appreciate hearing from
anyone who owns any Salt manuscripts.
Mr. Alan Tennenbaum (1723 Bella Vista, Cincinnati,
Ohio A5237), a high school junior, writes that he and
his English class debated at length the passage in
the "Conclusion" chapter of WALDEN which reads, "In
view of the future or possible, we should live quite
laxly and undefined in front, our outlines dim and
misty on that side; as our shadows reveal an insen-
sible perspiration toward the sun," and have found
it difficult to interpret the phrase "as our shadows
reveal an insensible perspiration toward the sun."
Can anyone help him? We must confess we are at a
loss to explain it.
W. Stephen Thomas, director of the Rochester Mus-
eum and Science Center in Rochester, New York, owns
a carte-de-visite of the Rowse crayon portrait of
Thoreau that obviously dates from the 1860's. It is
stamped on the back "Warren's, 289 Washington Street,
Boston, Mass." Sophia Thoreau, in a letter to Myron
Benton of Amenia, Hew York, on June 19, 1862, said
that she was arranging with I.E.Tilton, 161 Wash-
ington St., Boston, Ilass." to sell reproductions
of the Rowse crayon for 250. Was the demand for
portraits of Thoreau so great then that several
photographers started printing them? Does anyone
know of the present location of one of the Tilton
photographs or any other similar reprints of por-
traits of Thoreau available in the 1860's?
Robert Stowell (Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch
1, Hew Zealand) asks: "In his description of the
M usketa cuid , the boat he used on his 1839 trip,
Thoreau describes the boat as being shaped like a
fisherman's dory, fifteen feet long by 3i~ wide,
and equipped with two sets of oars, two masts, and
sails. My difficulty is in trying to picture such
a small craft with two masts and sails to fit them.
"My other question relates to Thoreau' s skill <5r
experience in sailing. From an early age he seems
to have rowed boats on the Assabet and Concord Riv-
ers, yet in his Journal for July 29, 1851, he writes
that sailing on salt water is a new experience for
him, and the next day he mentions that he has learn-
ed a number of nautical terns such as 'luff and
•close-haul.' Both of these teims are very common-
ly used by those who sail whether on fresh water or
salt. It is somewhat puzzling considering how of-
ten he traveled by water that Thoreau did not know
these expressions. Does anyone have any additional
Hospitality Magazine (310 W.9th St., Kansas City,
Mo.) is selling an 8"xll" colored lithograph of Tho-
reau' s "different drummer" quotation for 31.00.
An article in the SATURDAY REVIEW for Jan. 11,
1969 (p. 122) describes Thoreau as on the lecture
platform in 1368 — a pretty good trick.
Albert Lovmes points out to us that the area around
Thoreau Falls in the White Mountains has recently
been designated as a "scenic Area" by the Forestry
Service to give it special protection.
Can anyone help us locate the present whereabouts
of Sophia Thoreau' s copy of A Week once owned by
the late Paul Lemperly of Cleveland? It is said to
contain penciled in corrections.
Raymond Borst of Auburn, H.Y. writes concerning
the first appearance in print of the Rowse crayon
of Thoreau (See Bulletin 106) that he has a copy
of the 186,3_ imprint of EXCURSIONS that includes it
and another that does/-not.
Jim Winchell, a student in the experimental Fair-
haven College of Western Wash. State College in
Bellingham, Wash. , is teaching a seminar on Thoreau
entitled "Thoreau Is Alive and Well, He Loves You,
and He Sends His Regards," this quarter. Enrollment
in the course was filled within three hours of the
opening of registration.
Arthur Williger of Chicago, 111., points out to
us that Thoreau in his journal for 1837-1SA6 (I,
A31) says, "Wordsworth, with very feeble talent,
has not so great and admirable as unquestionable
and persevering genius. Heroism, heroism is his
word, — his thing." Thus Thoreau anticipated by a
century the current hippie use of the phrase "his
And concerning the current college rebellions,
several recent articles have pointed out that one
of the earliest American college rebels on record
was Thoreau' s maternal grandfather, Asa Dunbar,
who in 1767 led a rebellion against the poor food
served at Harvard, using as his motto, "Behold our